Weizmann, Chaim

   Veteran Zionist leader and first president of the state of Israel. He was born on 27 November 1874 in Motol, near Pinsk, Russia, into a family of ardent Zionists that belonged to the Hoveve Zion Movement. He was educated in Germany, where he received a doctor of science degree from the University of Freiburg in 1900. In 1904, Weizmann moved to England, where he began his career as a faculty member in biochemistry at the University of Manchester. As director of the Admiralty Laboratories during 1919, he discovered a process for producing acetone (a vital ingredient of gunpowder). Weizmann became the leader of the English Zionist Movement and was instrumental in securing the Balfour Declaration. In 1918, he became chairman of the Zionist Commission to Palestine.
   Following World War I, Weizmann emerged as the leader of the World Zionist Organization (WZO) and built a home in Palestine near Rehovot. He served as president of the WZO from 1920 to 1946, except for 1931-35. He helped found the Jewish Agency, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and the Sieff Research Institute at Rehovot (now the Weizmann Institute of Science). In 1919, Weiz-mann headed the Zionist delegation to the Paris Peace Conference, and in the fall of 1947, he addressed the United Nations General Assembly to plead for the establishment of a Jewish state. Weizmann also appealed (successfully) to President Harry Truman of the United States for assistance in the effort to secure a Jewish state and to override support in the U.S. Department of State for a plan that would have omitted the Negev Desert from the proposed state.
   With the declaration of Israel's independence and the establishment of a provisional government in May 1948, Weizmann became president of Israel's provisional government, and in February 1949, the first elected Knesset selected Weizmann as the first president of Israel. He was reelected in November 1951 but died the next year on 9 November 1952.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

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  • Weizmann, Chaim — (1874–1952)    Zionist leader and first president of Israel. Between the two World Wars, the Zionist Movement was dominated by the personality of Dr Chaim Weizmann. A Russian born research chemist, he moved with assurance in the political and… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Weizmann, Chaim — (1874–1952)    Weizmann was instrumental in procuring the Balfour Declaration in November 1917 from the British, which promised the support of Great Britain for a Jewish home in Palestine. The Russian born Weizmann went on to become one of the… …   Historical dictionary of the Holocaust

  • Weizmann, Chaim — (1874 1952)    Israeli Zionist leader and statesman. He was born in Motel near Pinsk, in Belorussia. He settled in England and in 1904 became a lecturer in biological chemistry at Manchester University. In 1916 he was appointed director of the… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

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  • Weizmann, Chaim —  (1874–1952) Russian born Israeli scientist and statesman, president of Israel (1948–1952) …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Weizmann,Chaim Azriel — Weiz·mann (wītsʹmən, vītsʹmän), Chaim Azriel. 1874 1952. Polish born Israeli chemist and politician who was the first president of Israel (1948 1952). * * * …   Universalium

  • Weizmann, Chaim (Azriel) — born Nov. 27, 1874, Motol, Pol., Russian Empire died Nov. 9, 1952, Reḥovot, Israel Russian born Israeli chemist and first president of Israel (1949–52). After studying in Germany and Switzerland, he earned a doctorate in chemistry and patented… …   Universalium

  • Weizmann, Chaim (Azriel) — (27 nov. 1874, Motol, Polonia, Imperio ruso–9 nov. 1952, Rehovot, Israel). Químico israelí de origen ruso, primer presidente de Israel (1949–52). Después de estudiar en Alemania y Suiza, obtuvo un doctorado en química y patentó varios colorantes… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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